Kikuyu is one of the indigenous towns which grew from the settlement of the colonialist missionaries and the presence of a rail Station. Some of the residents of the area till to date still refer to the town as Shesheni a term coined from the word Station meaning the Railway Station. It is within the County of Kiambu and one of the regions registering fast growth.
It is about 20 minutes from Nairobi via a number of routes, including a dual carriage road, and it has a railway station on the Mombasa – Malaba Railway Line.
Southern Bypass.

With the recent construction and completion of the Southern Bypass that Connects Mombasa road to Nairobi- Naivasha Highway at Gitaru via Kikuyu, the town is poised for greater growth by the fact that it’s the only town that is on the Bypass.

The Nairobi Southern Bypass starts from the junction of Mombasa Road interchange and ends at Kabete- Limuru Road at Kikuyu town.
The road crosses the National Park westwards then goes through Lang’ata Road, Ngong Road Motoine River, Dagoretti Road, Thogoto Road then passes over Ondiri River and a railway line towards Kikuyu town.

The bypass is expected to decongest the city by diverting a substantial volume of traffic from Uhuru Highway, increase mobility of through traffic and connect the residents of the area.

Academic Institutions
Many institutions have developed in this town, including a major eye unit hospital, a Christian university, and many primary and secondary schools. Nairobi University-Kikuyu Campus, Presbyterian University of Eastern Africa (PUEA), Thogoto teachers training college, Kikuyu Commercial College, Vantage teachers college and Kismart College among others.
Kikuyu is home to two national High schools, Alliance High school and Alliance girls’ high school. It also has several day and boarding schools including Mary Leakey girls’ Moi girls Kamangu School Star Sheikh Academies, among others.

There are good performing Primary schools like Musa gitau Primary School, the Green Garden schools, Gacio Primary School Kidfarmaco Primary school, Uthiru Genesis School, Kikuyu township school, and Damacrest schools among others.

Historical sites
There are several historical sites within the town such as the underground caves dug by Indian coolies when constructing the Kenya –Uganda railway. These caves are found just below the town under the railway facing Magana farm. Other sites include the graves of two explorers who were killed by lions in the 19th century at Kanyariri, a few meters from where Fort Smith was situated; the Ondiri Swamp, and the PCEA Church of the torch, the first building at Thogoto.

Recreational facilities
During the weekend families can unwind at Sigona golf club, Wida highway hotel, Kari holiday retreat center, Kilimo Grand resort, Ondiri swamp which is barely a kilometer from Kikuyu town. The swamp is an interesting natural phenomenon.

It is the second deepest wetland in Africa. Stop there for a picnic or enjoy a barbecue in the wild bush, while experiencing the swamps cool breeze.

Research Institutions
Kikuyu is also hosts the Kenya Forestry Research Institute KEFRI), Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) and Kenya Trypnomiasis Research Institute (KETRI).

Transport to the capital and other place is available in form of matatus, minibuses and trains. It is also conveniently served through most Taxi – Cab services with rates averaging Kshs 1800 – 2500 (as of Jan 2016).

Kikuyu has indeed developed into an industrial town that boosts many factories ranging from metallic to the medical sector.